Who are the Vikings?
Genetic studies of Icelanders also show that 60 to 80% of their genes are of the what we call 'Celtic' origin today. We know now that the Irish landed there prior to Norse peoples and when they came they brought with them spouses from these tribes as well. Iceland excavations also show the mix of Nordic and Celtic stock from the British Isles. Once established we read that some Norsemen imported their wives directly from Ireland and Scotland.
By the end of the first millennium they were settling lands as far west as Iceland and Greenland and eventually reached the shores of Newfoundland. BUT - this 'Celtic / Norse DNA is now found in some of the North American Indian tribes showing they were here long before this. They drifted across in the ice age period. It has now been proven that there was solid ice connecting Europe with Newfoundland during this time and the tribes most likely got caught traveling along it in search of food.
Another outdated claim is that Stonehenge was built before the time of the Celtic period so they couldn't have build it. Because the DNA of the pre-iceage bodies (Cheddar man in particular) and those of modern day, it is now proven they were already there. When they spread out, they of course lost track of each other and each group developed their own distinct culture, languages and rituals but all were similar seen even in the mythologies.
Another thing we must accept is that way before the so called "viking era" , a lot of the Scandinavian tribes had already come over to what is called the Celtic tribal areas as early as the 400's CE and were living quite peacefully, some intermarried. In fact many bragged about having an Irish wife for they were thought very intelligent, soft of voice and beautiful. Norwegians joined others and settled in Normandy, Iceland, Greenland, ireland but never got a strong hold there, Scotland, Wales, Shetland, Orkney, the Hebrides, the Faroe islands and Mann. In some Historical records we see East Norse , which referred to the Danes and Swedes so... it gets confusing for sure for Norse were also in England (and took over the throne) Finland, Russia, Belgium, France (mix of Germand and Gauls became Franks), the Ukraine, Estonia, Latvia, Lithuania, Germany, Poland, southern Italy and Canada. And the Celts too were spread far a wide. In fact DNA states the Objiwe tribe is both Celts and Asian - from Ice Age people.
It never ceases to amaze me that Caucasian people do not know their own history and lost beautiful rituals and beliefs. And how people can fight to maintain our differences (which every tribe was) but we are the same peoples.
Their ancient lands were at the far fringes of Europe, a difficult land, yet these people were able to call it home. It was the same for those who traveled to Iceland and Greenland, land of freezing cold and fiery underworld geysers.
Scandinavians were a sea fairing people and loved to find natural harbors as they made excellent places to hide their ships and fan them out.
All the tribes of this time believed the world was a magical place and every single inanimate object was populated by a nature spirit. This was weather, tree, sea and rock or mountain, animal and memory of ancient beast passed down orally. Incredibly thousands of years this was the way of keeping knowledge. Their priests were called the Godi.
In looking at all this evidence, the ancient Scandinavians had a polytheistic religion, which means more than one God but by the end of the tenth century, the Scandinavians became Christianized by the traveling Irish monks. The process went quite easy.
Ancient Scandinavians honoured each God, in their tribe's pantheon, at a sacrifice time called a Blot. Each God had a different date throughout the year. A Blot, for example, could be at Yuletide. The Vikings called this winter solstice date Jul. Jul is the darkest time of the year when the sun died for 3 days then was reborn. This blot was for the new year promises. Other Gods blots were held in the different seasons. The Celts, had different times of year for their sacrifices and dates for different gods or goddesses to be honoured as well. The sacrifice at one of these consisted usually of animals. There is however a mention, in a saga, of the king of the Swedes being sacrificed to Odin after a few years of the tribes starvation which meant he was an un-fertile King. We do have some references to the Celts doing this as well.
The Vikings, like the Celts, usually worshiped their gods in different areas outdoors as the Gods were what they saw around them - hills, trees, rivers, constellations and so on. There Gods were also their 'hero' ancestors, as they too believed they were descendants of the Gods. The eldest Gods resided in a special place and were considered a different level of Gods. The Gods being those who birthed human nature from them also had its rivalry. The Celtic Gods had a hierarchy and 3 worlds.
Some rituals were held inside temples called hov. The hov wasn't necessarily a special building, it could be a hall or a part of a farm. These sacred places were also where trials were held. Scandinavians believed that justice was made by the gods. Religion went hand in hand with law and still does in today's world. For the Celts, both the Irish and Welsh laws still exist.
Scandinavian Armour and Weapons: Our knowledge, at this time, about arms and armour of the Viking age is from the eighth to eleventh centuries in Europe but we will try and keep you up to date as more surfaces. We are always keeping up on new discoveries on documentaries and books. Right now our knowledge is based on the sparse archaeological finds, pictorial representation, and a little on the accounts in the Norse sagas and laws recorded finally in the 1200's. I would strongly like to point out that NEVER to date has their any been found any Viking helmet with horns. This was only made popular through opera. The Celts, however, had horn like cone helmets.
So Hence our name The Celts and Viking Mythology Shop is geared to Celtic and "Pirate" style peoples.
Germanic roots or language come from - (Britain,Germany, Iceland, Luxemburg, Belgium, Austria, Norway)