Welcome to Everything you want to know about The Celts

Hello there! We are a modern day Northern European Style tribe called Maers Khohias. We are of both Norse and Celtic decent here. Come sit. Warm yourself by our fire!! We want you to feel at home as we share some of our Celtic tribe's hospitality. Come. Join in our sitting circle, round the central cauldron and have something to eat, in our Celtic round house. Once fed, sit back, relax, read and listen to some of our stories. Here you will find great information, taking you back in time to meet the ancestors.

If you have the opportunity to come in person to Crawford Bay, BC and take in our courses taught at our school, you'll hear more information, on the Celts and the Vikings, not shared here, as well as live music. We'd love to hear your stories too!!

In no time, you'll be dancing, sharing some good mead or ale and adding to the rooms boasts and toasts.
We Northern European Celts and Vikings are waiting for you.

Having and event? We offer lots of props to choose from as well as great musicians and entertainers. This will be the icing for your Celtic or Viking medieval style event. Need some costumes or warrior gear? We shall help you there too. ... Or Maybe you are the studious type and want to study Celtic ritual, dance, music and beliefs, or have a you have a gift. If so you might want to take a course from our Druid/Bard schools. See here.


Wednesday, July 27, 2011

Origins of Modern Day Celtic Surnames

Surnames & Name in General 
From the ancient Celtic and Scandinavian Area Tribes

The Celts did not have last names until much later and last names started with the names of their fathers, like "son of Donald" or "daughter of" and then the mother or fathers name.  Mac, Mc and ap also means "son of".   It was later on that this changed to include the clans or individuals known occupation or contribution to the  bigger tribe/community - Donald the Smith or William the Miller.  These names are still with us today.  In fact my birth name is Mills.  To mention something about each last name will be time consuming, but below I am compiling a list that will be added to as I go on.  I do have also another post on the actual tribe names which was a lot of work, and it is still not done, so if my fans want to help and send me stuff, that would be much appreciated.  If you do so, please write me and I shall include it in the report with a plug to your name on my other article Modern names.   I shall list as many that I know of within the tribes & you can research on your own and discover its magic. 

If you read the article I wrote on Tribal naming then you'll see that some totem names, over time, became the surnames we know today and the last Great Kings or Queens or Chieftains that held them in that clan/tribe. 

Well-known names as Trevelyan, Trelawney, Treherne, Trevor, Polwhele, Pentreath, Pendennis, are Celtic names -  Tre is the Welsh tre or tref (home, hamlet), Irish treabh (house, family, tribe), English thorp; pol is the Welsh pwll, Irish poll (a hole, pit, pool); pen is the Welsh pen (a head, end, hill), and Old Irish cenn now ceann (head, headland), and also beinn (a hill, a summit). Some Welsh and Irish names indicating a father or ancestor; as the Vyvyans, Oliphants, Kennalls, Jenners, Keigwins, Scawens, and others, all most purely Celtic, both in name and blood.
Welsh family names are generally easy to recognise, but in many cases are most often mistaken for English names. Names such as as Tudor, Gwynn (Wynn) Morgan, Meredith, Owen, Griffith, Rhys (Rees, Rice) Lloyd, Howell, Evan, Vaughan, and Craddock. 

It first should be first noted that Surnames did not come into effect until 1057 in Scotland.  Prior to this, our lineage came from our god descendant's totem, above. 

Allmack - in London, having been started by a Highlander, whose original name was MacCall or MacAll.
Davidson  - was Mac Daibhidh - "David's son"
Campbell of Glenure (which means "Glen of Yew"), "I wish he were yew and not alder"i.e., the noble yew tree of his territorial title rather than an ignoble tree. The Campbells - Their Emblem was the gale, some bog myrtle.   
Clan Chattan used with the fir "in commemoration of Rothemurchus from whence they came, & where there grows so many firs, but Clan Chattan derives its name from the totem wild cat - Chattans - Cat totem. 
Cruden - comes from Croih Dain (a Pictish King) or Cro-Dun (the circle on the hill) or Croo-Dane  ( a circle of stones in honour of Danes and Scots who were honouring the slain warriors and the new peace between them (Scots are Irish and Picts mixed).  Picts - called themselves Cruithni .  th in some gaelic languages was pronounced "d" so this is another possibility.  
The Giuthas - "Fir" 
MacDonalds of Braemar were so named because the clan's founder spent in the woods as a fugitive. MacDonalds  -emblem was the heather, boasted that "now the heather was above the [bog myrtle]. 
Clan MacLaren's choice of the laurel , its clan's badge, refers to the name of its founder. Frasers did with the yew of Tomnahurich from where they came.  
Í Néill - great yew (one of the noble types of wood) torn from soil by a storm (Ó Cuív).
Kincaid - comes from Cairbre Cinn Cait - Caibre of the Cat Head, wore some sort of Cat headdress - 'of the tribe of the cat. 
MacCodrums - came from Bardic lineage.  Their totem seems to be seal as they would not kill or eat them, nor use their oils or skins.   Legend has it that the women bearing this name have pain during seal hunting season.
The MacNivens of Islay says that they were descended from a child found at the root of a tree, and thus named "Mac Craoibh[e]an (the son of trees)." 
MacRae - a small charm was recorded that mentions  
MacLeans: B'úr a' choill as na dh'fhás thu -fresh the woodland you sprung from-Siol nam failleanan árd bu mhór stoirm.- seed of the mighty trunks of great storm.
McCarthy - (MacCarthy, McCarty etc)  the oldest clan symbol is a red Stag on a greyish silver shield, with yellow horns and hooves.  Its one leg about to step forward.  The McCarthy name comes from their ancient ancestor called Muiredach Mac Carthach.  This clan is originally from the isle of Ireland, which in the Christian era was divided into 5 kingdoms, Ulaidh, Midhe, Laighin, Mumhain, and Connacht.  I use the ancient spellings here. The McCarthy's are from Munster or Mumhain, ruled by those descendant from Eoghanacht. The Eoghanacht are Spanish Celts (Spain area) from the son Heber of the Spanish King Milesius, spoken about as one of the invasions in their mythology.  Eaghan Mor ("Slave of Nuada") is supposedly the 46th descendant of Heber.  This is the oldest McCarthy written about and he died in 192 CE.  Conall Corc, however, who died in 379 CE, is the the first accepted historical King who was elected by method of tanistry. But in the same area, in the 900's, there were also a family descendant from DalgCais & these two Septs fought.  (A sept) is a sub-group from the same tribe.).  This is where both the McCarthy's and the O'Briens come from.   They feuded for years and finally in 1118, Munster was finally divided in half and became Tuadh Mumhan (Thomod), which is the dynasty of the O'Briens and Des Munham (Desmond), the dynasty of the McCarthy's. Carthach's Grandson, Tadhg 1 MacCarthy was the first King of Desmond.  Their last King's reign ended in 1596 with no male heir. (in pre-Christian times, otherwise know as Celtic pagan times, their was no male heirs, as it was not a patriarchal thing then, it was the fittest - male or female which would take the next lead, usually by vote or contest.  Craddock is the most ancient of Welsh names and one of the most distinguished, for it is but the English spelling of Caradoc (accent on the second syllable) a later form of Caratauc which represents Caratacus (corruptly 'Caractacus') the name of the British warrior who fought so valiantly against the Romans.  Remember that the Celtic tribes shared thei heroes thus, the Irish had the same name Cárthach whence MacCarthaigh or 'McCarthy'; hence Welsh 'Craddock' equals Irish 'Carthy.' At the beginning of the Christian era the Irish form was most probably *Carathachas.
The Hays of Erroll (in Scotland) was said to be tied with the life of a mistletoe that grew on a particular oak tree.
MacCrimmons - From Skye.  Seal lineage.

Mac Cuain - ("The Son of the Sea"). McEwan, MacKewan - Always dream prophesies when associated with sea.
McDonalds - Dog lineage.
McGregors - Bloodhound lineage. 
MacIntosh - Cat totem.
MacKelvies - Dove lineage.
McLeod - had the horse totem.
MacMasters - Pig lineage/totem.
MacNichols - Cat totem.
MacNeishes - Cat lineage (totem).
McPhees - Seal lineage/totem.

Weir clann - The Dragon Motif was depicted in 1200 AD. on the seal of Hugh de Vere, whilst the Blue Boar, a Druidic caste badge, was derived from the family of Raymond de Vere.Vere changed to Weir.  The southern Picts of Alba (the Scots) - totem tribal badge was the Dragon, this is important to note as Wales area later had the Red Dragon.


1. From Celtic Huurctis. 

Ailean — AUau. 
Ailpean — Alpiu. 
Aodh — Hugh. 
Aonghus — Angud. 
Beathag — Sophia. 
Brighde — Bridget, Bride. 
Caileau — Coliu. 
Cathal— Cathel. 
Cluanaidh — Cluny. 
Coinneach — Kenneth. 
Col la— Coll. 
Con all — Connal. 
Conn — Conn. 
Cormac — Cormac. 
Diarmao — Dermid. 
Dior-bhài I — Dorothy. 
Domhnull —Donald. 
Donnchadi — Duncan. 
Dùghall — liugald. 
Eachann — U ector. 
Eoghaun — Eweu, Hugh. 
Fearchar — Farquhar. 
Fearghus — Fergus. 
Fionnghal — Flora. 
Fionulagh — Finlay. 
Gilleasbuig — Archibald. 
Gille-Brighde— Gilbert. 
Gille-Criosd— Gilchrist. 
Gormall — Gormelia. 
Malmhin — Malvina. 
Maol-Donihnuich — Ludovic. 
Maol-Iosa — Malise. 
Maol-Moire — My lee. 


Muireach — Murdoch (or) 
Murchadh — Murdo. 
Niall— Neil. 
Sorcha^ — Clara, Sarah. 
Una — Winifred, Agnes. 

2. From Teutonic Sources. 

Amhlaidh — Aulay. 
Arailt — Harold . 
Asgall— A<rlrill. 
Ealasaid — Elizabeth, &c. 
Eanruig — Heury . 
Eideard — Edward. 
Frangan — Francis. 
Frangag — Frances. 
Goiridh — Godfrey, Geofifrey. 
lomhar — Ivor. 
Iseabal — Isabella . 
Labhruinn — Lawrence. 
Lachlann — Lachlan. 
Lili — Lily. 
Siùsaidh — Siisy. 
Luthais — Letwis, Louis. 
Manus — Magnus. 
Oighrig — Henrietta, Euphemia. 
Peigi — Peggy. 
Raonull — Ronald. 
Rob— Rob. 
Raibeart — Robert . 
Raonaid — Rachel. 
Somhairle — Somerled, Samuel. 
Tearlach — Cliarles. 
Tearl ag — Ch ar lotte . 
TorcTill— TorquiL 
Tormod — Norman . 
Uilleam — William. 
Uisdean — Hugh, Hntcheon. 


3. From Classical or Biblical Sources. 

Adhamh — Adam. 
Aindrea — Andrew. 
Alasdair — Alexander. 
Anna — Anne. 
Barabal — Barbara. 
Cairistiona — Christina. 
Calum — Malcolm. 
Catriona — Catherine. 
Daibhidh, Daidh— David. 
Deorsa, Seoras — George. 
Eilidh— Helen. 
Eòin, Iain — John. 
Giorsal — Grace. 
Isaac — Isaac. 
Mairearad, Mairead — Margaret. 
Mairi — Mary. 
Maili — May. 
Marsali — Marjory. 
Martainn — Martin. 
Micheil — Michael. 
Moire — The Virgin Mary. 
Mor, Morag — Marion, Surah 
Muireall — Muriel. 
Neacal — Nicol. 
Padruig — Patrick. 
Peadar — Peter. 
Seònaid — Janet. 
Seumas — James. 
Silis — Julia. Cicely. 
Sim — Simon. 
Sine — Jean. Jane. 
Seonag — Johann . 
Tòmas — Thomas. 


Caimbeul — Campbell. 
Camshroii, Camarraii — Cameron. 
Cuimeiu — Cummiug. 
Dubhghlas — Dougla.i. 
Foirbeis — Forbes. 
Friseal — Fra.ser. 
Grannd — Grant. 
Greumach — Graham. 
MacAilein — MacAllau. 
MacAilpein — MacAlpine. 
MacAlasdair — MacAllister. 
MacAmhlaidh — MacAulay. 
Mac an Aba — MacNab. 
MacAoidh — Mackay. 
MacAonghuis — Maclnnes. 
MacArtnir — MacArthnr. 
MacAsgaill — MacAskill. 
MacBheathain — MacBaiu, Beaton. 
MacCahiim — MacCallum. 
MacColla— MacColl. 
MacCoinnich — MacKenzie. 
MacCorcadail — MacCorquodale. 
MacCormaig — MacCormick. 
MacCòmhghan — MacCowan. 
MacCruimein — MacCrimmou. 
MacDhòmhnuill, Domhnullach, Mao- 
MacDhonnchaidh — Robertson. 
MacDhùghaill — MacDougall. 
MacEachairn — MacEchern . 
MacEòghainn — MacEweii . 
MacFhearchair — MacFarquhar. 
MacFhionnghain — Mackinnon. 
MacGillebhràtli — MacGilvray. 
Mac Giir Eathain — MacLean. 


Mac Giir Fhionnain — MacLennan. 
Mac Gille Mhaoil — MacMillan. 
Mac Gille Moire — Morrison. 
MacGriogair — MacGregor. 
Maclain — Johnson. 
Maclomhair — Maclver. 
MacLathagain — MacLagan. 
MacLeòid — MacLeod. 
MacMhatha i n — Matheson . 
MacMhuirich — MacVuirich. 
Mac na Ceardach — Sinclair. 
MacNeacail — MacNicol. 
MacNèill — MacNeil. 
MacPhaidein — MacFadyen. 
MacPhail— MacPhail. 
MacPharlaiu — MacFarlane. 
Mac-a-Phi — MacPhee. 
Mac a' Phearsoin — MacPherson. 
MacBath — Macrae. 
Mac an t-Sagairt — MacTaggart. 
Mac an t-Saoir — Macintyre. 
MacThomaidh — MacCombie. 
MacThomais — MacComiah. Thomson. 
Mac an Tòisich — Mackintosh. 
Meinnearach, Meinn — M<»nzies. 
Moirreach — Murray. 
Eothach — Munro. 
Mac a' Ghnbhainn, Gobha — Smith, Gow. 
Sioeal — Chisholm. 
Suthnrlan — Sutherland. 


For practical purposes the English forms 
are given first. 

Aberdeen — Obaireadhaiu. 
Aberfeldy — Obairpheallaidh. 
Ardnamurchan — Aid nam Murclnn. 
Argyll — Earraghàidheal. 
Axran — Araicn. 
Asia — An A-sia. 
Assynt — Asainn. 
Athole — Athall . 
Atlantic — An Cuau Siar (An Tabh in Outer Isles). 
Augustus (Fort-) — Cille Chuimein. 
Auldearn — Allt Eire. 
Badenoch — BaiJeauach. 
Balquhidder — Bothcliuidir. 
Banff— Banbh. 
Bannockburu — Allt a' bliomiaich. 
Barra — Barraidh. 
Beauly — A' Mhanacliainu. 
Benbecula— Beiun a' bhaoghla. 
Black Isle — An t-Eilean Dubh. 
Breadalbane — Bràgljaid Albain:;. 
Britain — Breatunu. 
Bute— Bod. 
Butt of Lewis — Eiibha Eobbanais. 
Caithness — Gallaibli. 
Campbelltov?n — Bnile Chill Chiarain. 
Canna — Camndh. 
Cape Wrath— Am Parbli (An Carbh in Lewi..). 
Castlebay — Bagli a' Chaisteil, or Baile Mhic Ncill). 
Cawdor — Caladair. 


Celt — Ceilteach. 
Clyde R.— CluaidL. 
Coll— Colla. 
Creiff — Craoibh. 
Cr om arty — Cro m ba . 
Culloden — Cùil-lodair. 
Denmark — Lochlann. 
Dingwall — Inbhii-])licolli;aaiu. 
Dunblane — Duu Blatliain. 
Dundee — Dun-dcagh. 
Dunfermline — Dun Pliai lain. 
Dunkeld — Dun Chaillinn. 
Dunskaith — Dun Sgàthaith. 
Dunstaffnage — Dun.stafhinnis. 
Earn R. — Amhainn Eire. 
Edinburgh — Dun Eidennn. 
Eg^pt — An Eipliit. 
Elgin — Eilginn. 
England — Sasunn. 
Engli.sliman — Sa.'^unnach. 
English language — A. Bheurla, B. 
Europe — An Roinn Eorpa. 
Falkirk — An Eaglai.s Bhreac. 
Ferintosh — An Tòisigheachd. 
Fife— Fiobha. 
Findhorn R. — Uisge Eire. 
Fort-William — An Gearasdan. 
France — An Fhraing. 
Gael — Gaidheal. 
Gaelic — A' Ghai<lhlig. 
Galloway — Maol n.in (Jail. 
Germany — A' Ghearmailt. 
Greece — \' Ghroig 
narri.s — Na^hrEarradh. 
Hebrides — Innsc Gall. 
Hebrew (language) — Eabhra. (person) — Eabhrach. 


Higlilauds — A' Gliaidhealtachd (lit. Gaeldom) — Na Garbhchrìocha. 
Holland — An Olaind. 
Inverness — Inbhir Nis. 
Ireland — Eireann. 
Islay — Tie. 
Killiecrankic — C'niUe Chnagaidh. 
Killin— Cill Fhinn. 
Kinloclimoidart — Ceann Loch Mùideirt. 
Knoydart — Cnòideart. 
Kyles of Bute— Na Canil Bhòdach. 
Lanark — Lannrag. 
Largs — Na Lear?aidh Ghallda. 
Lewis — Leòdhas. 
London — Lunnainn. 
Lochaber — Locbabar. 
Lowlands — A' Ghalltachd, Machair Alba. 
Man (Isle of) — Eilean Mhanain. 
Mearns — A' Mbaoirn. 
Minch — A' Mhaoil. An Cuan Ssfitbe. 
Moray — Moreibli. 
Muir of Ord — Am Blàr dubh. 
Mull — Muile. 
Norway — Locblaiin. 
Oban — An t-Oban. 
Orkney — Arcaibh. 
Pentland Firth — An Caol Arcach 
Perth — Peairt. 
Picts — Na Cruithnich. 
Rothesny — Baile-Bhoid. 
Russia — Russia. 
St Androws— Cille Rimhinn. 
St Kilda— Irt. 
Scandinavia — Lochlaun. 
Schiehallinn— Sidh ChaiUinn. 
Scotland — Alba. 
Shetland — Sealtainn. 
Skye (Isle of) — An t-Eilean Ssritheanach. 
Spain — An Spainnt. 


Spey R.— Uisge Spe. 
Sutherland — Cataibh. 
Sweden — An t-Suain. 
Tain— Baile Dhuhhthaich. 
Tay R.— Tatha. 
Thurso — I n bhir-Theòi sa . 
Tiree— Tir-iodh. 
Turkey — An Tuire. 
Tweed R.— Tuaidh. 
Uist— Uibhist. 
United States — Na Staidean Aonaichte, 
Wales — A' Chuirarigh. 
Wick — Inbhir-Uig'. 

Brahva Cwmevos
Copyright July 27, 2011

Anyone who wishes their name to be added to the list above let me know, or more added to the names already above and I shall continually add as I could be here for years lol.

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